wood: Types of wood and their applications in the stairs and furniture industry

wood stairs
wood stairs: manufacturing process, design and uses
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wood: Types of wood and their applications in the stairs and furniture industry


Natural materials, such as wood, are highly appreciated, sought after and used by ecology concerned people. Is a material not only natural and pleasant but also durable and renewable, it is the main raw material used in the stairs and furniture industry. Solid hardwood is employed to produce the most durable pieces of furniture. Lafor produces solid wood furniture from beech, oak, maple, cherry, acacia, walnut and ash.

Solid oak wood

It is a hardwood species, light in colour, resistant, with good folding qualities and little contraction. Oak is most commonly used in stairs and furniture manufacturing, being an excellent raw material in the production of indoor and outdoor furniture and stairs. It is also used for flooring, interior and exterior joinery, interior architectural elements, wainscoting, panels, boards, cladding, etc.

Solid beech

Beech wood gains a reddish hue (after steaming) and scattered pores visible to the naked eye. It is considered the wood with the highest degree of use. Beech wood has medium mechanical characteristics; it is easy to process with all the tools and responds well to planing, turning and finishing. It has good behavior with adhesive, paint or varnishing applications, respectively. Beech timber is the raw material for various types of furniture, mainly curved and molded parts. Also, resistance elements of temporary constructions and supporting pillars are made of beech wood.

Solid maple

It has a fine and uniform structure and is considered one of the most beautiful wood essences. The color of maple wood varies from white, yellow, reddish to white. What makes this wood special is its natural gloss due to the medullary rays, i.e., those channels that bind the wood marrow to the bark. It is used as both solid wood and veneer. Maple is used in the furniture industry, especially in the production of art furniture and classic furniture.

Solid cherry

Cherry wood is flexible, with ribbing close, which resists bending and contraction deformations. When exposed to sunlight, cherry gets a reddish tinge. This type of wood is used successfully in the furniture industry, especially in the production of cabinets, furniture legs, handles or small artisan items.

Solid acacia

Acacia is a hard and durable wood with high mechanical resistance to contraction. It is among the types of wood that are hard to process. Acacia wood should be dried slowly because it is prone to cracking and deformation. It is used in the production of solid, visible or carved varnished elements, as well as flooring (parquetry).

Solid walnut

This type of dark wood is heavy, well textured, hard but easy to process. The advantage of walnut wood is that it resists compression deformations; it can be bent and finished in various ways and accepts many types of varnishes and paints. Therefore, it is used successfully in the production of massive furniture and veneers, cabinets, panelling and decorative wooden elements.

Solid ash

There are about 65 species of ash spread in Europe, America and Asia. This wood species is dense, hard, durable, and elastic, with contraction and medium mechanical strength. It is appreciated as it dries easily, bends well under steaming and scrolls well. In the furniture industry it is used mainly as veneer. The ash wood is also used for visible solid elements or curved elements, carpentry, doors, windows, etc.