wood stairs: manufacturing process, design and uses

wood: Types of wood and their applications in the stairs and furniture industry
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wood stairs: manufacturing process, design and uses

wood stairs

wood stairs: Wood is a natural material used since ancient times in construction and interior design. Irrespective of the type of space, public vs. industrial or architectural style, wood can be used to make any decorative and finishing element: panels, wainscoting, stairs, flooring, carpentry or furniture. Further on, we shall treat the interior wooden stairs.

wood stairs: Manufacturing process

The raw material used to make the interior stairs is highest quality timber from different wood species: beech, oak, maple, cherry, acacia, walnut, ash, etc. Wood should be well dried before processing. The raw timber is processed by high precision machines, obtaining initially lamellas or wood strips, followed by the elimination of large defects such as knots, bark, cracks, rot, then sorting of lamellas according to the color and texture, and, finally, using water-based adhesive, steps and counter-steps are formed.

Further, calibration and forming machines are used to bring the wooden boards to the desired thickness and finish. The finishing of the stair elements is done in order to improve the appearance and quality of the wooden surfaces. Lafor produces staircases, stairs and counter-steps with standard or custom sizes, providing professional processing by means of complex equipment, such as CNC machines (Numerical Control Centre).

For stair finishing, water-based or polyurethane varnishes are used to provide high resistance to wear and also to physical or chemical agents. By finishing, the wood gains a pleasant aesthetic appearance and provides a longer service life. The colour of a wooden staircase can be changed by staining so that it complements the interior design.


Wooden stairs can be used in both public and residential spaces: villas, attic houses, duplex flats in blocks. There are several types of stairs, out of which we mention: single or double, straight, curved or spiral, with or without counter-steps, with or without the handrail, with or without a railing. The design of a staircase is chosen according to the space configuration (high, low, wide, narrow, etc.), the design that is desired in that interior, and also depending on some practical aspects.

For example, a double stair is only indicated for wide entrance areas, and a single one, in small, minimalist spaces. The recommended height for one step is 18-20 cm and this standard allows you to calculate the number of steps required for the interior in which you will install the stair. A right or L-shaped staircase fits well in small spaces. A curved stair may offer a feeling of elegance but it is not a very practical choice. If children are included among the users of stairs, these stairs must be provided with additional security features to avoid possible accidents.


Concrete stairs are large, heavy and overload the space also visually. The metal stairs offer the interiors a “cool” appearance and do not integrate into some design styles. Instead, wooden stairs are elegant, supple, flexible, and versatile, allowing access to narrow spaces or where no other variants are possible. In addition, wooden stairs provide the interiors a feeling of warmth and help create a welcoming and friendly atmosphere.

When installing a wooden staircase, most of the work is done in the factory, including some finishing stages, which makes assembling onsite less time-consuming. We must mention that by choosing wooden stairs the costs of formwork and concrete casting are eliminated.
If you have chosen a concrete staircase, the concrete steps can be clad in wood, finally resulting in a durable ladder and a particularly pleasant appearance due to the applied wood